【英単語帳】Following the Taliban (Aug 28th 2021)
Economistの記事を読んで、知らない単語があった文とその単語の定義を整理しました。

知らない単語があった文

Around the world, jihadists were elated by the fall of Kabul.

Elated
extremely happy and excited

To Muslims who yearn to expel infidels and overthrow secular states, it was evidence that God approves.

yearn
Have an intense feeling of longing for something, typically something that one has lost or been separated from.

Besides, the Taliban are unlikely to tolerate big training camps for global-minded terrorists, as they crave recognition and aid.

tol·er·ate
Allow the existence, occurrence, or practice of (something that one does not necessarily like or agree with) without interference.

crave
Feel a powerful desire for (something).

Granted, some feel a duty of hospitality to foreign Sunni jihadists, and some will aid their militant cousins in Pakistan, making that nuclear-armed state even less stable.

grant·ed
Admittedly; it is true (used to introduce a factor which is opposed to the main line of argument but is not regarded as so strong as to invalidate it).

But outside Afghanistan, the main ripple effects will be psychological.

rip·ple
A small wave or series of waves on the surface of water, especially as caused by an object dropping into it or a slight breeze.

It does not take many such attacks to sow a sense of fear or roil domestic politics.

sow
to put seeds in or on the ground so that plants will grow:

Many are asking: if our Afghan brothers can beat a superpower, surely we can beat our own wretched rulers?

wretch·ed
(of a person) in a very unhappy or unfortunate state.

Jihadists are not all the same. Many disagree about doctrine.

doc·trine
A belief or set of beliefs held and taught by a Church, political party, or other group.

Supporters of Islamic State deride the Taliban, absurdly, as American stooges.

stooge
A person who serves merely to support or assist others, particularly in doing unpleasant work.

Most jihadist groups are motivated primarily by local grievances: a predatory government, an ethnic or sectarian divide, infidel intruders.

griev·ance
A real or imagined wrong or other cause for complaint or protest, especially unfair treatment.

in·fi·del
A person who does not believe in religion or who adheres to a religion other than one's own.

in·trud·er
A person who intrudes, especially into a building with criminal intent.

Yet they also tap into a global narrative. On their phones they see daily evidence that the oppression they face at home is part of wider pattern of persecution of Muslims, from the gulag of Xinjiang to the hellscape of Gaza.

per·se·cu·tion
Hostility and ill-treatment, especially because of race or political or religious beliefs.

Many rural Afghans decided that Taliban justice, though harsh, was quicker and less corrupt than government courts, and that Taliban checkpoints were less plunderous. This is one reason the Taliban’s final march to power met so little resistance.

ru·ral
In, relating to, or characteristic of the countryside rather than the town.

Their desire to create a perfectly pious society, and ruthless intolerance of deviation from that ideal, make pragmatic compromise tricky.

pi·ous
Devoutly religious.

in·tol·er·ance
Unwillingness to accept views, beliefs, or behavior that differ from one's own.

de·vi·a·tion
The action of departing from an established course or accepted standard.

prag·mat·ic
Dealing with things sensibly and realistically in a way that is based on practical rather than theoretical considerations.

Taliban footsoldiers are already committing atrocities.

a·troc·i·ty
An extremely wicked or cruel act, typically one involving physical violence or injury.

One lesson of the Afghan fiasco is that what happens in far-off failing states matters not only to the people who live there, but also to the rest of the world.

fi·as·co
A thing that is a complete failure, especially in a ludicrous or humiliating way.

Calamity in Kabul today means bigger refugee flows, more jihadist attacks and a greater chance that other Islamist insurgencies will prevail.

ca·lam·i·ty
An event causing great and often sudden damage or distress; a disaster.

If the old Afghan government had been less corrupt and less inept in dealing with tribal power-brokers, it might have proved more resilient.

re·sil·ient
(of a person or animal) able to withstand or recover quickly from difficult conditions.

Improving governance is hard, not least since many countries vulnerable to jihad are also racked by climate change.

vul·ner·a·ble
Susceptible to physical or emotional attack or harm.

More frequent droughts add to discontent and stir conflicts over water and pasture.

fre·quent
Occurring or done on many occasions, in many cases, or in quick succession.

Donors can offer advice and cash, but ultimately it is up to locals to build institutions that work.

ul·ti·mate·ly
Finally; in the end.

Unless existing states provide basic services and something resembling justice, the jihadists’ siren song will always sound seductive.

se·duc·tive
Tempting and attractive; enticing.

おすすめ記事